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Eonycteris spelaea (Dobson, 1871)
Lesser Dawn Bat
Eonycteris spelaea spelaea (Dobson, 1871)
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Medium-sized fruit bat with a long thin naked muzzle, prominent eyes and absence of margins on ears. Forearm is moderately hairy below, its length averaging 71.2 mm (66-78 mm). The bat superficially resembles Rousettus leschenaultii but differs in the absence of a claw on the first finger. Wing membranes are dark brown, and pale markings are not seen. The wings arise high upon the back, giving an allusion of narrow dorsal pelage. Tail is short, the tip protruding from the interfemoral membrane, calcar well-developed. A conspicuous large kidney-shaped gland is present on either side of the anus. Pelage is short and velvety, dark-brown above and mottled grey brown below. Males have well-marked ruff on the chin and throat.
This species is common in Northeast India and occasionally reported from elsewhere, shows preference to hilly habitats and has been reported to roost in large colonies in caves along with Rousettus leschenaultii and Hipposideros lankadiva. Breeds throughout the year, usually giving birth to one pup per year. Feeds mainly on pollen and nectar from night-flowering plants, and occasionally on fruits.
India - Andaman Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Karnataka, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu and Uttarakhand
Nepal - Western Nepal
Copyright © 2015-2020 Chiropterology Team, Osmania University & BRaConS India.
Conceived and developed by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu