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Hipposideros galeritus Cantor, 1846
Cantor's Leaf-nosed Bat
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Hipposideros galeritus brachyotis (Dobson, 1874)
This medium-sized leaf-nosed bat of South Asia is characterized by short, broad ears that have narrowly rounded off tips. A long tail completely enclosed in the interfemoral membrane except for the extreme tip. The forearm length averages 47.2 mm (45.1 - 51.3 mm). The noseleaf is simple with two pairs of well developed supplementary leaflets. Tragus absent, anti-tragus well defined. The ears are broad, triangular with the back of the ears covered up to two thirds of their length with thick fur. Wings and interfemoral membranes are naked and uniform dark brown or black. Pelage is soft, dense and short and uniform in colour. Dorsal surface ranging from mid to dark brown with pale hair bases. Ventral surface usually paler.
This species can be separated from similar looking Hipposiderids in possessing a two pairs of supplementary leaflets to its noseleaf.
An uncommon species of South Asia found in subtropical rocky and scrub habitat. Colonial species, lives in small colonies in diurnal roosts located in subterranean caves, small caves, old dilapidated houses and old disused temples at altitudes varying between 0m asl to 1077 m asl. Individuals leave their roosts late in the evening. Low flier, flight is moderately fast. It feeds on beetles and other insects. This species breeds once a year, single pup to each female.
Bangladesh - Chittagong, Dhaka and Sylhet
India - Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Telangana
Sri Lanka - Central, North Western, Sabaragamuwa, Southern, Uva and Western Provinces
Copyright © 2015-2020 Chiropterology Team, Osmania University & BRaConS India.
Conceived and developed by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu