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Hipposideros hypophyllus Kock and Bhat, 1994
Kolar Leaf-nosed Bat
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No subspecies, known only by nominate form.
This medium-sized leaf-nosed bat of South Asia is characterized by large ears that have broadly rounded off tips. A long tail completely enclosed in the interfemoral membrane except for the extreme tip. The forearm length averages 38.9 mm (37.1 - 40.4 mm). The noseleaf is simple with a single pair of well developed supplementary leaflets. Tragus absent, anti-tragus well defined. Wings are broad. Wings and interfemoral membranes are naked and uniform dark brown or black. Pelage is soft, dense and short and variable in colour. Dorsal surface ranging from mid to dark brown and golden brown. Ventral surface usually paler.
This species can be separated from similar looking Hipposiderids in possessing a single pair of supplementary leaflets to its noseleaf.
An very rare species of South Asia found in subtropical rocky and bouldery habitat. Colonial species, lives in small to large colonies in diurnal roosts located in subterranean caves and in deep gaps between the boulders. Individuals leave their roosts late in the evening. Low flier, flight is moderately fast. This species breeds once a year, single pup to each female.
Endemic to India
India - Karnataka
Copyright © 2015-2020 Chiropterology Team, Osmania University & BRaConS India.
Conceived and developed by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu