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Hipposideros nicobarulae Miller, 1902
Nicobar Leaf-nosed Bat
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No subspecies, known only by nominate form.
This small-sized leaf-nosed bat of South Asia is characterized by a long tail completely enclosed in the interfemoral membrane except for the extreme tip. The forearm length averages 41.0 mm (39.5 - 42.3 mm). The noseleaf is simple without any supplementary leaflets. Ears short, breadth subequal to length, with not so broadly rounded off tips. Tragus absent, anti-tragus well defined. Wings are broad. Wings and interfemoral membranes are naked and uniform dark brown or black. Pelage is soft, dense and short and variable in colour. Dorsal surface ranging from dull yellow to pale grey or dark brown. Ventral surface usually paler.
This species can be separated from similar looking H. cineraceus, H. durgadasi and H. ater basing on 1. larger size (FA 39.5 - 42.3 mm vs. 33.0 - 36.3 mm, 36.0 - 37.8 mm and 34.7 - 38.2 mm), and from H. fulvus and H. pomona basing on 1. smaller ears (E 16.0 - 18.0 mm vs. 19.0 - 26.0 mm and 18.5 - 25.0 mm).
An uncommon species found in coastal forests to tropical semi-evergreen and evergreen forests on the Nicobar Islands. Colonial species, lives in small colonies in diurnal roosts located in lofts of village houses, bunkers, and coastal caves. Individuals leave their roosts late in the evening. Low flier, flight is moderately fast. Feeds on small beetles and Dipterans. This species breeds once a year, single pup to each female.
Endemic to Nicobar Islands, India
India - Nicobar Islands
Copyright © 2015-2020 Chiropterology Team, Osmania University & BRaConS India.
Conceived and developed by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu