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Hipposideros speoris (Schneider, 1800)
Schneider's Leaf-nosed Bat
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No subspecies, known only by nominate form.
This large-sized leaf-nosed bat of South Asia is characterized by short and small ears, broad ears that have narrowly rounded off tips. A long tail completely enclosed in the interfemoral membrane except for the extreme tip. The forearm length averages 50.7 mm (45.6 - 54.0 mm). The noseleaf is simple with three pairs of supplementary leaflets the third leaflet being smaller than the other two in some. Tragus absent, anti-tragus well defined. The fifth metacarpal is significantly shorter than the fourth and the third metacarpals. Wings and interfemoral membranes are naked and uniform dark brown or black. Pelage is soft, dense and short and variable in colour. Dorsal surface ranging from grey to mid brown to yellowish-brown to orange-brown. Ventral surface usually paler.
This species can be separated from similar looking Hipposiderids in possessing a three pairs of supplementary leaflets to its noseleaf.
A common species of South Asia found in subtropical to tropical evergreen to semi-evergreen forests. Colonial species, lives in small to large colonies in diurnal roosts located in subterranean caves, small caves, old disused temples and tunnels at altitudes varying between 0m to 1385 m asl. Individuals leave the roost just after sunset. Low flier, flight is moderately fast. It feeds on mosquitoes, flies, beetles, termites and other low flying insects. This species breeds once a year, single pup to each female.
India - Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Uttarakhand
Sri Lanka - Central, Eastern, Sabaragamuwa, Southern, Uva and Western Provinces
Copyright © 2015-2020 Chiropterology Team, Osmania University & BRaConS India.
Conceived and developed by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu