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Nyctalus noctula (Schreber, 1774)
Nyctalus noctula labiata (Dobson, 1876)
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A large-sized bat with a relatively short tail with a tip of 2 mm protruding from the interfemoral membrane. The forearm length averages 53.5 mm (50.9 - 57.8 mm). Ears short; tragus club-shaped and expanded distally. Muzzle is broad and whiskered, with well-marked glandular swellings above the upper lip. The feet are large, more than half the length of the tibia. Pelage short, fine and dense, with a marked gloss on the back, and not bicoloured like in Nyctalus leisleri. Dorsal pelage dark brown, in some with a golden tinge on head and shoulders. Ventral surface uniform grey to buffy grey. Wings long, narrow, leathery and opaque. Interfemoral membrane and wings black, naked except sparse hairs on the ventral surface of the wing along the body, and on both surfaces of the interfemoral membrane.
This bat roosts in buildings, cellars, thatch roofs, caves and cracks in rocks, tree hollows, and has mainly been reported from the Himalayas in South Asia. It emerges early in the evening and has a strong and powerful. Generally, one or two young are born after a gestation period lasting 50-70 days.
India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttarakhand and West Bengal
Nepal - Central and Western Nepal
Pakistan - Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Copyright © 2015-2020 Chiropterology Team, Osmania University & BRaConS India.
Conceived and developed by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu