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Rhinolophus hipposideros (Bechstein, 1800)
Lesser Horseshoe Bat
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Rhinolophus hipposideros midas Andersen, 1905
This is a small-sized horseshoe bat with a characteristic sella. The anterior margin of the sella is nearly straight, while its inferior extremity projects downward and forward in lateral view. The superior connecting process is low and broadly rounded off. The forearm length averages 38.1 mm (35.9 – 40.0 mm). The lancet is tall and narrow with straight sides and a bluntly pointed tip. The pelage is soft and variable in colour. The dorsal surface varies from pale buffy brown to dark grey brown in colour. Ventral surface slightly pale.
This species can be separated from similar looking R. pusillus, R. lepidus and R. subbadius based on 1. Its characteristic sella type, and 2. Considerably short third metacarpal than the combined length of its phalanges (vs the length of the third metacarpal is equal to or exceeds the length of the phalanges).
An uncommon species of South Asia found in the montane forests. Colonial, roosts in large numbers in caves, old dilapidated building and outhouses at altitudes varying between 1231-1846 m asl.
Nothing else is known about the species.
Afghanistan - Nangarhar and Zabol Provinces
India - Jammu & Kashmir (including Disputed Kashmir)
Pakistan - Balochistan
Copyright © 2015-2020 Chiropterology Team, Osmania University & BRaConS India.
Conceived and developed by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu