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Rhinolophus luctus Temminck, 1835
Great Woolly Horseshoe Bat
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Rhinolophus luctus perniger Hodgson, 1843
This is a large-sized horseshoe bat with a characteristic noseleaf. It has well-developed basal lappets on either side of the sella. The horseshoe is very broad and has a district median emargination. The forearm length averages 74.8 mm (70.0 – 80.5 mm). The anterior edge of the sella is convex with the superior connecting process broadly rounded off and very reduced. The inferior extremity of the sella is deflected downward and forward. The inferior surface of the sella is parallel sided and broad. The lancet is well developed, subacutely pointed and the tip is rounded off. The pelage is dark, long and woolly. The dorsal and the ventral surfaces are usually black with paler tips.
This species can be separated from other Rhinolophids based on its large size.
An uncommon species of South Asia found in tropical dry deciduous forests and montane forests. Roosts singly or in pairs. Diurnal roosts include caves, tree hollows and outhouses and has been collected between 0 – 923 m asl altitudes. Individuals leave the roost early in the evening. Flight is slow and low. It feeds on small beetles and other insects.
Bangladesh - Chittagong and Sylhet
India - Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and West Bengal
Nepal - Central and Eastern Nepal
Copyright © 2015-2020 Chiropterology Team, Osmania University & BRaConS India.
Conceived and developed by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu