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Rhinopoma hardwickii Gray, 1831
Lesser Mouse-tailed Bat
Rhinopoma hardwickii hardwickii Gray, 1831
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The medium-sized mouse-tailed bat with characteristically long and slender tail with its longest part projecting free from the interfemoral membranes. The forearm length averages 59.2 mm (52.9-64 mm). Muzzle simple, with a thickened narial pad at the end surmounted by a distinct ridge-like dermal outgrowth. Ears well-developed, joined on the forehead by a connecting membrane, with blunt sickle-shaped tragus. Wings membranes and interfemoral membranes grey in color; membranes, posterior back and lower abdomen naked. Chin is nearly naked. Feet are small and delicate. Pelage greyish brown above with paler hair roots. Ventral surface is grey.
This species can be separated from similar looking R. microphyllum basing on 1. Tail generally being longer than the forearm (vs. shorter than the forearm), and R. muscatellum basing on 1. Dermal ridge on the muzzle better developed (vs. poorly developed).
Common species encountered in most of the arid and semiarid regions of South Asia. Found in varied habitats from desert to tropical dry evergreen forests. Colonial species, lives in large diurnal roosts which may comprise hundreds of individuals. Roosts in caves, deserted houses, temples, and forts; tolerant to light. Individuals leave their roosts shortly after sunset and fly high to feed on insects. In northern range, large fat reserve built up in body is noted. This species breeds once a year, single pup to each female is born after a gestation period of about 100 days.
Afghanistan - Nangarhar and Konar Provinces
Bangladesh - Khulna
India - Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal
Pakistan - Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh
Copyright © 2015-2020 Chiropterology Team, Osmania University & BRaConS India.
Conceived and developed by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu