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Scotophilus heathii (Horsfield, 1831)
Greater Asiatic Yellow House Bat
Scotophilus heathii heathii (Horsfield, 1831)
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A large bat with a long tail completely enclosed in the interfemoral membrane except a tip of about 2 mm. The forearm length averages 60.7 mm (55.4 - 65.8 mm). Ears small and naked, have a number of transverse ridges; antitragus well-formed and distinct; tragus crescent shaped and half the height of the pinna. Muzzle is broad and blunt, swollen on the sides, dark in color and mostly naked. Nostrils round, simple and face slightly outwards. Pelage fine and short. Dorsal pelage with pale buffy brown roots and olive-grey-brown tips. Ventral surface a pale yellow-buff. Interfemoral membrane and wing membranes uniformly dark brown and naked.
It is distinguished from Scotophilus kuhlii by its brighter coloration and larger size.
This bat occurs in a variety of habitats, ranging from open tropical dry-deciduous forests to montane forests, up to the foothills of the Himalayas, including arid to semi-arid habitats. It has been reported to roost in a variety of places ranging from buildings and abandoned ruins, to foliage of trees, in groups of 1 - 50 individuals, and in breeding season, in harems. It emerges after sunset. One or two young are born to each female after a gestation period of 115 days.
Afghanistan - Nangarhar and Laghman Provinces
Bangladesh - Sylhet
India - Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Orissa, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh
and West Bengal
Nepal - Central and Western Nepal
Pakistan - Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh
Sri Lanka - Central, Northern, North Western, Saba-ragamuwa, Southern, Uva and Western Provinces
Copyright © 2015-2020 Chiropterology Team, Osmania University & BRaConS India.
Conceived and developed by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu