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Scotophilus kuhlii Leach, 1821
Lesser Asiatic Yellow House Bat
Scotophilus kuhlii kuhlii Leach, 1821
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A medium-sized bat with a long tail completely enclosed in the interfemoral membrane except a tip of about 2 mm. The forearm length averages 49.0 mm (44.0 - 56.4 mm). Ears small and naked, have a number of transverse ridges; antitragus well-formed and distinct; tragus crescent shaped and half the height of the pinna. Muzzle is broad and blunt, swollen on the sides, dark in color and mostly naked. Nostrils round, simple and face slightly outwards. Pelage fine and short. Dorsal pelage chestnut brown. Ventral surface paler. Interfemoral membrane and wing membranes uniformly dark brown and naked.
It is distinguished from Scotophilus heathii by its paler coloration and smaller size.
This bat occurs in a variety of habitats, ranging from open tropical dry-deciduous forests to montane forests, up to the foothills of the Himalayas, including arid to semi-arid habitats. It has been reported to roost in a variety of places ranging from buildings and abandoned ruins, to foliage of trees, in groups of a few to hundreds of individuals, and in breeding season, in harems. It emerges after sunset. One or two young are born to each female after a gestation period of 105 - 115 days. It emerges early in the evening and flies slowly and steadily.
Bangladesh - Chittagong, Khulna and Sylhet
India - Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal
Pakistan - Punjab and Sindh
Sri Lanka - Central, Eastern, Northern, North Central and Uva Provinces
Copyright © 2015-2020 Chiropterology Team, Osmania University & BRaConS India.
Conceived and developed by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu