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Tadarida teniotis (Rafinesque, 1814)
European Free-tailed Bat
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Tadarida teniotis teniotis (Rafinesque, 1814)
The large-sized free-tailed bat of South Asia with ears not joined above the forehead and a stout tail that projects conspicuously beyond the narrow and thickened interfemoral membrane. The forearm length averages 61.2 mm (58.4-63.9 mm). Snout is naked and nostrils open on to a pad, upper lip is wrinkled. Ears short, not joined on the forehead. Tragus very small and squarish, antitragus well-developed. Wings are long and narrow. Wing membranes and interfemoral membranes are naked. Feet are hairy. Pelage is soft, velvety, dense and short, rather longer on throat. Dorsal surface ‘brownish’ and ventral surface is ‘grey’.
This species can be separated from similar looking Tadarida aegyptiaca basing on 1. Larger size (FA: 58.4-63.9 mm vs. 46.0-52.3 mm) and 2. Relatively small tragus (vs. large tragus), and from Chaerephon plicatus basing on 1. Large size (FA: 58.4-63.9 mm vs. 43.1-50.2 mm), and 2. Ears not joined by membrane on forehead (vs. ears joined).
The only Indian specimen was collected at Kurseong in the Himalayas, near Darjeeling, West Bengal. It is known to roost in caves lonely or in small colonies. Has also been collected from arid and deserts in Saudi Arabia. Nothing is known about its ecology in South Asia.
Afghanistan - Kabul Province
India - West Bengal
Copyright © 2015-2020 Chiropterology Team, Osmania University & BRaConS India.
Conceived and developed by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu