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Taphozous theobaldi Dobson, 1872
Theobald's Tomb Bat
Taphozous theobaldi secatus Thomas, 1915
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The medium -sized sheath-tailed bat of South Asia with hairy chin, wings attached to tibiae and tail which is loosely enclosed in the interfemoral membrane projecting from the upper surface at about mid-point. The forearm length averages 72.7 mm (71.0-76.0 mm). Muzzle is simple, nostrils open forward and have a narrow groove between them. Sides of the face naked and dark brown, lower lip faintly grooved. Ears large and narrow, with bluntly rounded tips. Tragus is well developed and club-shaped, antitragal lobe is elevated. Chin hairy in both sexes, gular sac absent in both sexes. Wing membranes and interfemoral membranes uniform dark brown, no fur on either surfaces the wing and interfemoral membranes. Radio-metacarpal pouch well developed. Pelage is soft and short. Dorsal surface pale grey brown with pale hair bases. Ventral surface is uniform grey. The feet are without hairs.
This species can be separated from similar looking Taphozous species basing on 1. Large size (FA: 71.0-76.0 mm vs. 55.6-62.0 mm of T. longimanus, 60.0-68.0 mm of T. melanopogon, 59.2-63.8 mm of T. perforatus), 2. Wings attached to tibiae (vs. wings attached to ankles, T. longimanus and Saccolaimus saccolaimus), 3. Gular sac absent in both sexes (vs. present in males in T. longimanus, T. perforatus, T. nudiventris and S. saccolaimus), and 4. Radio-metacarpal pouch well developed (vs. radio-metacarpal pouch absent in S. saccolaimus).
Uncommon species whose ecology is not well known. Colonial species, lives in diurnal roosts which may comprise a few to four hundred individuals. Roosts in caves. Feed on insects. This species breeds once a year, single pup to each female.
India - Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra
Copyright © 2015-2020 Chiropterology Team, Osmania University & BRaConS India.
Conceived and developed by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu